Sunday, May 11
Iraq's most wanted
BBC News, May 7, 2003
The United States has released a set of 55 playing cards depicting what it describes as the most wanted members of the former Iraqi regime.
The list includes Saddam Hussein and his inner circle, as well as senior Baath Party officials and military commanders - some of whom have already been apprehended.
President of Iraq, commander-in-chief of military
War crimes claims against the Iraqi leader include genocide of the Kurds, "ethnic cleansing" in which tens of thousands of Kurds, Turkmen, Assyrians around the oil-rich city of Kirkuk were expelled as part of an "Arabisation" programme, mass civilian executions after the Kurdish and Shia uprisings in 1991, and religious persecution.
Special Republican Guard and Republican Guard commander
Saddam Hussein's younger son and chosen successor. The 36-year-old Qusay was in charge of the Special Republican Guard and the feared intelligence and security services. He is accused of curbing dissident activity in Basra after the failed Shia uprising in 1991 with mass executions and torture.
Uday Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein's 38-year-old son was commander of Saddam's Fedayeen forces and president of the Iraqi National Olympic Committee. Uday's alleged brutality is legendary in Iraq. According to Indict, the committee seeking to prosecute the Iraqi leadership for war crimes, he was personally engaged in acts of torture and ordered torture by forces under his command. He is said to have routinely abducted and raped women.
Abed Hamoud al-Tikriti
One of Saddam Hussein's closest aides, Abed Hamoud controlled access to the president and was frequently at his side. He is said to have directed matters of state and handed down many of the regime's repressive orders. The US says he was also authorised to deploy weapons of mass destruction.
Ali Hasan Majid
Presidential adviser, southern region commander :: Reported to be dead
Saddam Hussein's cousin, Ali Hasan Majid, was known as "Chemical Ali" for his alleged role in the use of poison gas against Kurds in 1988. He is reported to have been killed in a coalition airstrike on his house in Basra.
Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Vice-chairman Revolutionary Command Council, Northern regional commander
Other leaders and officials:
Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti
Baath party official :: Taken into custody 16 April
The former director of the notorious intelligence service, or Mukhabarat, which is believed to have tortured and murdered thousands of opponents of the regime. He is listed as number 52 in the US deck. He is also a former ambassador to the UN in Geneva.
Watban Ibrahim al-Tikriti
Baath Party official :: Taken into custody 13 April
Saddam Hussein's half-brother and former intelligence minister and number 51 on the list. The former interior minister is believed to have been involved in repressing the 1991 uprisings.
Muhammad Hazmaq al-Zubaidi
Central Euphrates region commander :: Taken into custody 21 April
Former deputy prime minister and member of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) Mr al-Zubaidi was captured by pro-US Free Iraqi forces on 21 April.
Humam Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafur
Minister of higher education and scientific research :: Taken into custody 21 April
Number 54 on the list and a former member of Saddam Hussein's cabinet, Mr al-Ghafur was taken into custody by US troops on 21 April.
Jamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti
Deputy chief of tribal affairs :: Taken into custody 20 April
Saddam Hussein's son-in-law and private secretary, and number 40 on the wanted list, he returned to Iraq after fleeing to Syria and was taken into custody on 20 April.
Finance minister :: Taken into custody 19 April
Number 45 on the list, Mr al-Azzawi was captured by Iraqi police in Baghdad and handed over to US forces on 19 April
Samir abd al-Aziz al-Najm
Baath Party chairman, Diyala region :: Taken into custody 17 April
Iraqi Kurds handed over Samir abd al-Aziz al-Najm, the Baath Party regional command chairman for east Baghdad and number 24, to US troops near Mosul on 17 April
Amir Hamudi Hasan al-Saadi
Presidential scientific adviser :: Surrendered 12 April
Saddam Hussein's high-profile scientific adviser surrendered in Baghdad after learning he was number 55 on the US list.
Hani abd Latif Tilfa al-Tikriti
Special Security Organisation director